Month: February 2018

United Nations Children

It was with the Law of Lines of direction and Bases of Educao Nacional (LDB), Law number 4,024/61, that the creation appears of infancy gardens, destined to the minors of seven years. To leave of this LDB, it follows the Plan of Assistance to Pr-escolar (PAPE), under the Deep influence of the National one of the Union for Infancy and Adolescncia (FNI), and in the United Nations Children' s To cast, that is, Deep of United Nations for Infncia (UNICEF), in being one program of assistance emergenciais for the masses, low financial cost (SOBREIRA, 2008). The adopted model of infantile education from the decade of 1970 was a model directed toward the education of the favored popular layer less. The infantile education only started to be part of the National Basic Education and to be reason of concern of the agencies that legislate on Education, after 1988, with the Federal Constitution, that in its Article 208, determines the duty of the State with the education, and in special the infantile one, which was accomplished by means of the guarantee of attendance in day-care centers and daily pay-schools, for children of 0 the 6 years (BRAZIL, 2010). This moment if became, the great landmark in the history of the Brazilian Education. By means of this, Brazilian infancy received the support from the Statute of the Child and Adolescente (ECA) and the LDB from 1996, in which if it determines that all the institutions of infantile education are integrated to the Systems of National Education (BRAZIL, 1996).

Inasmuch as, the integral development of the child depends on cares and necessities that are related to the affective dimension, hygienical habits, feeding, health and the form as these cares and necessities are offered e, still, the knowledge that if have regarding its procedures. As interview published in 14/08/2006, in the Institute Pro-Boy, pedagogo Coast tells that ' ' …. In Brazil, however, the school still keeps in the pertaining to school regiment some practical of before the redemocratizao of the Pas' '. Inasmuch as, in the search of the identity of the infantile education, the challenge is to affirm the necessida one

National Administration

The atypical year in relation the variations of the climate provoked 950 disasters (90% of them associates the extreme climatic events as floods and variations of temperature); died 296 a thousand; 208 affected million; U$ 130 billion expenses with remediation. That is, the climatic system showed in 2010 its acute polarity and was one of the root causes of the increase has remembered in the prices of the foods, that the revolt of pauprrimo provoked Egyptian people against its president dictator, however put down. The ONU studies a global platform for reduction of climatic risks, each time more complex. In Australia millions of people they had been affected by the overflows in the states of Queensland, New Wales of Sul and Victoria, with rains that had provoked the overflow of rivers and had flooded thousand of housings. The Australian Civil Defense is one of most efficient of the world. It acted in such a way with rapidity in the prevention as in alert and the aid after the disaster, when executing protocols and routines of security exhaustingly trained.

Already in November of 2010, however, when the storms if approached, the centers of monitoramento of the level of the rivers and meteorology justinian codes alerted for the mobilization of the regions that would be affected by floods. Roads had been closed and families had been removed of the risk areas, injunctions that had saved many lives. A monitoramento of exemplary prevention is the Center of Warning of Tsunami for the Pacific, of the National Administration of Atmosphere and Oceans (NOAA, in the acronym in English). With seismographs and margrafos, devices that register seismic waves and flows and refluxos of the tides in one determined point of the coast, respectively, calculate with precision the size of the waves and the area that can be reached by tsunamis. A system of alert of buzzers in some beaches of Indonesia and Thailand also serves to alert the population of the imminent danger and that a safe shelter must be searched, following the routes of evacuation of emergency already defined by the Civil Defense.